News Karnataka
Sunday, December 10 2023
Health & Lifestyle

Dabur India Faces Legal Challenges in the US

Customers in the US who purchase hair relaxers have made allegations against subsidiaries of Dabur India
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New Delhi: Dabur India, a prominent consumer goods company, has found itself embroiled in a legal battle involving allegations of health risks associated with certain hair relaxer products sold and manufactured by its subsidiaries. While Dabur has vehemently denied these allegations, the lawsuits filed by certain US consumers have created a complex legal situation, shedding light on the contentious issue of product safety, particularly in the cosmetics and personal care industry.

The Allegations and Lawsuits

The crux of the issue revolves around allegations that Dabur’s subsidiaries, Namaste Laboratories LLC, Dermoviva Skin Essentials Inc., and Dabur International Ltd., manufactured and sold hair relaxer products containing certain chemicals. According to the plaintiffs, the use of these products has led to severe health complications, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, and other health issues.

These allegations have led to the filing of numerous lawsuits in the United States, both at the federal and state levels, as well as in Canada. In the United States, these cases were consolidated into a Multi-District Litigation (MDL) before the US District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The current MDL encompasses approximately 5,400 cases that name Namaste, Dermoviva, and DINTL as defendants, alongside other industry players.

Dabur’s Response

Dabur India and its subsidiaries vehemently deny any liability in this matter. They have retained legal counsel to defend against the lawsuits, emphasizing that the allegations are based on unsubstantiated and incomplete studies.

The company argues that the allegations are not supported by robust scientific evidence or conclusive data linking the use of their hair relaxer products to the reported health issues. Furthermore, Dabur contends that its products comply with relevant regulations and safety standards.

Currently, the legal proceedings are in the early stages, which includes the pleading phase and initial discovery efforts. During this phase, the involved parties are challenging the adequacy of the plaintiffs’ complaints, and some are exchanging requests for information and documents. Several motions are also pending, and the legal process is expected to be protracted.

While the outcome in terms of financial implications, such as settlements or verdicts, remains uncertain at this stage, Dabur acknowledges that the defense costs associated with these legal proceedings are expected to surpass the materiality threshold in the near future.

The Broader Implications

The legal challenges faced by Dabur India highlight the complex landscape surrounding product safety and liability in the cosmetics and personal care industry. As consumers become increasingly conscious of the products they use and their potential health risks, companies operating in this sector must prioritize safety and transparency.

These allegations are part of a broader trend where consumers are demanding safe and transparent products. Any allegations of health risks can have significant consequences for companies, including damage to their reputation and financial losses. In the case of Dabur India, it underscores the importance of rigorous product testing, accurate labeling, and transparent communication with consumers.

Moreover, the outcome of this legal battle could set a precedent for how similar cases are handled in the future, impacting the standards and regulations governing the cosmetic and personal care industry. Companies in this sector will likely take cues from this case when it comes to evaluating product safety and adhering to best practices.


As Dabur India navigates the legal complexities of the allegations surrounding health risks associated with its hair relaxer products, the case highlights the multifaceted challenges faced by companies operating in the cosmetics and personal care industry. It also serves as a reminder of the growing emphasis on product safety, transparency, and consumer protection, which are key considerations in the contemporary marketplace.

The outcome of this legal battle is anticipated with interest not only within the industry but also among consumers who increasingly prioritize safety and transparency when it comes to the products they use. The ultimate resolution of these allegations could influence the product safety standards, regulations, and corporate practices within the cosmetics and personal care industry, shaping its future landscape.

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