News Karnataka
Wednesday, February 08 2023
Bengaluru

‘Over 55 pc elderly do not receive pension in NE K’taka’

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Bengaluru: Over 55.5 per cent of elderly people in the Kalyana-Karnataka region, which comprises Kalaburagi, Bidar, Yadgir, Raichur, Koppal, and Ballari (undivided) districts, do not receive old-age pension, stated a study.

Assistant Professor Lakshman G. of the Central University of Karnataka’s Social Work Department did a study to evaluate and assess mental health, wellbeing, quality of life, and social support among the elderly in rural and urban areas. For the study, he chose 861 samples for the study, with 422 (49 per cent) samples coming from rural areas and 439 (51 per cent) from urban areas among the region’s six districts.

According to the study it is essential to ensure that eligible elderly people receive their pensions. NGOs, government agencies, and other civil society organisations must work together to ensure that the elderly get an old-age pension.

Only 11.5 percent of those eligible for a post-retirement pension are eligible, and 2 per cent are denied this pension. The son is the primary caretaker for the majority of elderly people. According to the study, the majority of respondents (67.8 per cent) are still living with their spouses, which is a good sign for their longevity. Interestingly, land ownership is divided about evenly between those who own land (54 per cent), those who do not own property (37 per cent), and those who have given their land to inheritors (10 per cent).

Around 10 per cent of the elderly had clinically significant anxiety symptoms, and 21 per cent had clinically significant depressive symptoms. Only a few senior citizens had issues with behaviour control and psychological well-being. Only 1 per cent of people had poor mental health, whereas the majority (59 per cent) had moderate mental health and 40er cent had good mental health.  The overall well-being of the respondents revealed that roughly two-thirds had good well-being and 16 per cent had poor well-being, suggesting that 16 per cent needed psycho-social help, suggested the study.

When quality of life is considered, one-fifth of people believe that their overall quality of life and health is either low or very good. This indicates that the majority of elderly people consider their health and quality of life to be good. According to the study, just a small percentage of the elderly reported poor quality of life in various areas, including physical, psychological, social relationships, environmental, and overall quality of life.

The study found that social support among the elderly in the Kalyana-Karnataka region is adequate. The elderly are taken care of by their families. The elderly in the city had better social interactions and were happier. The elderly in cities had more friends than those in rural areas.

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