Chennai: Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Tuesday successfully injected the Chandrayaan 3 — spacecraft to the moon — into the TransLunar orbit, an official said. “Chandrayaan-3 completes its orbits around the earth and heads towards the moon.
A successful perigee-firing performed at ISTRAC, ISRO has injected the spacecraft into the translunar orbit. Next stop: the Moon. As it arrives at the moon, the Lunar-Orbit Insertion (LOI) is planned for August 5, 2023,” ISRO tweeted. Translunar orbit injection is the process whereby the moon-bound spacecraft is put into a trajectory so that it can reach the moon.
The Indian space agency said it will carry out the LOI process on August 5, 2023. The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft was put into orbit on July 14, 2023, in a copybook style by India’s heavy lift rocket LVM3. The Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft comprises a propulsion module (weighing 2,148 kg), a lander (1,723. 89 kg) and a rover (26 kg). The main object of the mission is to safely land the lander on the lunar soil. The lander will get separated from the propulsion module a couple of days after it enters lunar orbit.
The lander is expected to make a soft-landing near the South Pole of the moon on August 23 evening at 5. 47 p. m. The lander will descend to the moon from a height of about 100 km from the moon’s surface. The soft landing is a tricky issue as it involves a series of complex manoeuvres consisting of rough and fine braking.
Imaging of the landing site region prior to landing will be done for finding safe and hazard-free zones. Subsequent to the soft landing, the six-wheeled rover will roll out and carry out experiments on the lunar surface for a period of one lunar day which is equal to 14 earth days.