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Yenepoya University Hosts National Workshop on Animal Ethics

Yeneu Animal Ethics Committee

Mangaluru: Yenepoya University hosted a national workshop on Animal Ethics. The workshop, titled ‘Embracing 5Rs: Empowering Animal Research with Innovative Instruments and Alternatives to Lab Animals,’ took place over two days, on June 13,14.

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It was jointly organized by YUIAEC (Yenepoya University Institutional Animal Ethics Committee), Yenepoya University, the Department of Pharmacology at Yenepoya Medical College, and Yenepoya Pharmacy College and Research Centre, in collaboration with Jeltek LLP.

The event, held in lecture hall 2, demo rooms, and experimental labs at the Department of Pharmacology, Yenepoya Medical College, was part of the silver jubilee celebration of Yenepoya Medical College.

The workshop received an overwhelming response, with registrations exceeding the initial target of 50 participants within just two days of releasing the brochure.

Participants came from diverse backgrounds, including medical, dental, pharmacy, homeopathic, and ayurvedic colleges across Karnataka.

Notable institutions represented included Mysore Medical College, JSS Pharmacy College (Mysore), Nitte University Centre for Science Education and Research (Mangalore), Shri BM Patil Medical College and Hospital (Bijapur), Kanachur Medical College, AJIMS Mangalore, Kasturba Medical College (Mangalore and Manipal), St Aloysius (Deemed to be University), BR Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital (Bangalore), Bangalore Medical College, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee Medical College (Madhya Pradesh).

The workshop began with a talk by Sulakshana Karkala, emphasizing the need for compassion and empathy in animal experimentation to enhance both ethical standards and scientific outcomes.

.Esteemed guests, including Gangadhar Somayaji, Registrar, Moossaba (Principal of YMC), Aswini Dutt R (Dean of Academics, Yenepoya University), Prakash Robert Saldanha (Vice Principal of Yenepoya Medical College), and Abhay Nirgude (Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, Yenepoya Medical College), graced the inaugural session.

The workshop featured sessions on alternatives to animal experiments in research and the use of Drosophila Melanogaster as a versatile animal model.

Post-lunch, delegates participated in hands-on stations covering topics such as Drosophila media and anesthesia, behavioral studies (climbing assay), male and female sorting in Drosophila, and various phases of zebrafish life cycles.

Day one concluded with Megha Rani N discussing evaluation criteria for the Scientific Review Board (SRB) and Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC) in animal experiments.

On the second day, Vivek Tyagi (Senior Consultant, CCSEA) discussed CCSEA’s aims, rules, and functions related to animal husbandry and dairying.

Roopa P Nayak (Professor and HOD of Pharmacology at Yenepoya Medical College) provided insights into CCSEA guidelines for housing animals.

The morning continued with a panel discussion moderated by Navyashree, focusing on achieving a balance between academic pharmacology research and industrial research.

Subject experts, including Durgaprasad (AUA College of Medicine, Antigua), Nagapati P Bhat (Professor, Pharmacology, YMC), and Divya Lakshmann (Assistant Professor, YRC), deliberated on key aspects to achieve this balance effectively.

The workshop continued with sessions on Alternatives to animal experiments in research and Drosophila Melanogaster – A Versatile Animal Model for Research, by Dr Sindhu Priya E. S. and Dr Shyamprasad respectively.


Post lunch, the delegates were divided into 5 groups and attended different stations on Drosophila- Drosophila media and anaesthesia, Drosophila- Behavioural study- Climbing assay, Drosophila -Male and female Sorting,

Phases of zebrafish life cycle- various phases of Embryos, Male and female differentiation and Behavioural studies using T maze in Zebrafish. Day one was concluded with a session by Dr Megha Rani N on evaluation criteria of SRB (Scientific Review Board) and IAEC (Institutional Animal Ethics Committee) in animal experiments and importance of critically designed research protocols.

The second day commenced with sessions on CCSEA’s aims, rules, and functions by Dr Vivek Tyagi, Senior Consultant ( CCSEA), Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Govt. of India, New Delhi.

Dr Roopa P Nayak, Professor, and HOD of the Department of Pharmacology at Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore, provided insights into CCSEA guidelines on housing animals.

The morning continued with a panel discussion moderated by Dr Navyashree, focusing on the need for a balance between academic pharmacology research and industrial research.

This interactive session involved subject experts- Dr Durgaprasad Professor, AUA college of medicine, Antigua, DrNagapati P Bhat, Professor, Pharmacology, YMC and Dr Divya Lakshmann, Assistant Professor, YRC deliberating on key aspects to achieve this balance effectively.

Attendees witnessed a video demonstration conducted by Mrs. Nadira Noushida and  Dr Hashim. Subsequently, hands-on stations were set up, with 6 stations covering various practical aspects including animal handling and sex determination, drug administration, restraining of mice and rats, blood withdrawal techniques, vaginal sample collection and the advanced devices by Jeltek LLP.

A lunch break provided an opportunity for networking and refreshment before attendees reconvened for live (video) demonstrations on anesthesia, surgery, dissection, and suturing techniques, facilitated by Dr Suprith Surya, a veterinarian and In-Charge of ASSEND at Yenepoya (Deemed to be University), along with representatives from Jeltek LLP.

The day concluded with a valedictory program presided by the Vice Chancellor of Yenepoya Deemed to be University Dr M. Vijaya Kumar, chief guest Dr Vivek Tyagi and guest of honor,  Dr Durgaprasad in presence of Dr Abhay Nirgude, Dr Mohammed Gulzar Ahmed and Dr Roopa P Nayak. Dr Megha Rani N, presented the success report of the workshop, marking the successful completion of the workshop, and providing a platform for final remarks and feedback from participants.

The Yenepoya University, in collaboration with Jeltek LLP, is intending to continue the effort to revive academic experimental pharmacology with more advanced devices and workshops.

This ongoing collaboration aims to further enhance research capabilities, promote ethical practices, and contribute to advancements in the field of pharmacology.

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