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Conservation Challenges and Efforts in Bannerghatta National Park

Conservation Challenges And Efforts In Bannerghatta National Park

Bannerghatta National Park (BNP), nestled amidst the urban sprawl of Bengaluru, stands as a vital refuge for diverse wildlife species including elephants, panthers, and various birds. Originally established in 1974 to protect its rich biodiversity spread across 260.51 km², BNP faces escalating challenges due to urbanization and human encroachment.

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The expanding city has encroached upon BNP’s periphery, leading to habitat loss and increasing incidents of human-wildlife conflict. Activities like agriculture, tourism, and residential development have fragmented the park’s natural habitats, disrupting animal migration routes and foraging grounds. These disruptions often result in wildlife venturing into nearby villages, causing crop raids and occasional conflicts with humans.

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Efforts by the Karnataka Forest Department and NGOs like Arocha India play a crucial role in mitigating these challenges. Awareness programs educate local communities about the importance of wildlife conservation and sustainable practices. Initiatives include securing elephant corridors, conducting anti-snare drives, and promoting responsible waste management to prevent habitat degradation and wildfires.

Despite these efforts, maintaining the delicate balance between conservation and development remains a pressing issue. Sustainable urban planning and community engagement are essential to safeguarding BNP’s ecosystem for future generations. Each conservation initiative contributes to preserving this biodiversity hotspot, ensuring that BNP continues to thrive amidst the complexities of modern urban life.

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