Dr V Basil Hans, Associate Professor of Economics and Dean, Faculty of Arts, St Aloysius Evening College, Mangaluru
In view of to the fast depletion of natural resources and the threat to the rich biodiversity as well as the need for sustainable development, we need to give importance to the philosophy and practice of conservation of natural resources. Conservation is an ethic of resource use, allocation and protection, focusing on the health of the natural world and conservation of materials and energy. It is not the opposite of development; it is a combination of protection and rational use of natural resources for “healthy economic development and environmental management”. We better understand that this earth belongs to all, including the posterity. Conservation of natural resources means preventing the loss of natural resources and promoting the quality and quantity of them as far as possible. We need to do this because –
• Resources are scarce are getting fast depleted
• There is threat to all species
• Resources have alternative uses
• Resources come with a price tag
• Resources need our concern
Presently natural resources – the base of economic development – is getting degraded and depleted by too much of human interference in the name of ‘growth’ and technological advance. Deforestation, over-mining and pollution have become serious environmental problems. We must deal with these problems with all urgency and care. So we must –
• Encourage resource-literacy and environmental education
• Develop high standards of environmental accounting and policy-making
• Promote environmental engineering
• Sensitize people through ecotourism, eco movements etc
• Development alternatives like material substitution, product life extension, pollution taxes, waste reduction and so on
As far as animals and birds are concerned with must strike a balance between ‘in-situ’ conservation and ‘ex-situ’ conservation.
To conclude the conservation of natural resources must become a ‘natural’ thing for us, a part of our everyday life.
About the author:
Dr V Basil Hans has been teaching at St Aloysius College institutions for the past three decades. He has produced six MPhils and three PhDs. He has written more than 200 articles in journals, books and newspapers in English and Kannada. He is serving as honorary editor in more than 30 journals. He has presented papers in more than 75 conferences. He has written more than 20 books. His book on Digital Banking will be translated into eight foreign languages.