William G. Morgan, the physical director of the Young Men’s Christian Association in Holyoke, Massachusetts, created volleyball in 1895. For businesses who felt the new game of basketball to be too physically demanding, it was created as an indoor activity. Before a lecturer from Massachusetts Springfield College pointed out the game’s volleying characteristic and suggested the name “volleyball,” Morgan referred to the activity as “Mintonette.”
Volleyball is a sport in which two teams, typically with six players each, use their hands to hit a ball back and forth over a high net to get it within their opponent’s playing area before they can return it. Before the ball touches the court, a player on the other team bats it up and towards a teammate to stop this from happening. That teammate can then volley the ball across the net or bat it to a third teammate who will do the same. Only three touches of the ball are permitted per team before the ball must be returned over the net.
The YMCA and the National Collegiate Athletic Association jointly released rules in 1916. The National YMCA Physical Education Committee held the inaugural national competition in the United States in New York City in 1922. The United States Volleyball Association, which was established in 1928, is acknowledged as the country’s governing and rule-making body. Except for 1944 and 1945, the USVBA has held annual national men’s and senior men’s volleyball championships since 1928. A senior women’s division was created in 1977, while the organization’s women’s division was established in 1949.
Significant rule modifications were made to international competition after the 2000 Olympics. The libero, a member of each team who is a defensive specialist, was made possible by one alteration. The libero doesn’t get to serve or move to the front of the line and has a different colour uniform than the rest of the team. Another significant modification permitted the defensive side to score when the serving team had previously been the only one to do so.