Mysuru: Winter is the season of festivities, fun and frolic. However, with the arrival of the cold weather, people are becoming more prone to allergies, common cold, seasonal flu and worsening of asthma and arthritis. While majority of viral respiratory infections are mild and self-limited, infection with influenza virus can become severe, sometimes requiring hospitalisation, said Dr Saritha Pavithran, Consultant Physician, Columbia Asia Hospital, Mysuru.
“Common cold is the most frequent illness during winter. It is a mild self-limited viral illness with running nose, congestion, dry or scratchy throat, cough, malaise and fever. Seasonal flu or influenza presents with high grade fever, headache, body ache, malaise, dry cough, sore throat and running nose. Uncomplicated cases usually improve over 2 to 5 days. Viral upper respiratory infections can potentially worsen asthma attacks in adults. Most of these viruses spread through contact with infected respiratory secretions generated by coughing, sneezing and through direct or indirect hand contact. Seasonal allergies present with sneezing, dry cough, itchiness of eyes, nose and throat and nose block” added Dr Saritha Pavithran.
Prevention and cure:
Take good care of your hygiene by washing hands thoroughly.
Cover your mouth and nose to avoid dust.
Drink plenty of fluids.
Consume a healthy diet with fresh fruits and vegetables to keep the immune system strong.
Staying warm, adequate hydration and regular exercise can prevent worsening of arthritis during winter.
Pneumococcal and influenza vaccines are recommended for elderly people, children and people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma and cardiac diseases.
Use of antibiotics and self-medication should be strictly avoided.
Avoid any kind of medication without doctor’s advice.
Avoid going to crowded places while feeling unwell.