Mumbai: Google on Wednesday honoured Cornelia Sorabji, India’s first woman lawyer, on her 151st birth anniversary with a doodle.
Cornelia Sorabji was born to Parsi priest Sorabji Karsedji and Francina Ford on November 15 in 1866 in Nashik’s Deolali in Maharashtra (Bombay Presidency).
She was one of nine siblings, but Sorabji went on to carve her own niche in the country’s legal history with several firsts to her credit.
Google saluted her many achievements – the first woman graduate of University of Bombay (now Mumbai); first woman lawyer of India who practiced at Allahabad High Court; first woman to ever get admission to a British university – Oxford; and the first female to practice law both in India and Britain at the height of the Indian freedom struggle.
The doodle has been designed by Jasjyot Singh Hans and shows Sorabji standing outside the Allahabad High Court, where she launched her practice, attired in a lawyer’s robe comprising a black gown, a white band and even a white wig.
From Nashik, she shifted and spent part of her childhood in Belgaum (now Karnataka) and Poona (now Pune) and studied in the Deccan College, graduating with high rankings from the University of Bombay in the mid-1880s.
She briefly worked at a men’s college in Gujarat as a teacher and in 1888 sought assistance of the National Indian Association, UK, to pursue higher education.
Sorabji received support from many Britons, including Arthur and his wife Mary Hobhouse, Florence Nightingale, Sir William Wedderburn and others.
She travelled to England in 1889 and lived with the Hobhouse couple. After clearing many obstacles, she became the first woman to join the Somerset Ville, Oxford, for a Bachelor in Civil Laws degree in 1892, with special permission.
Upon returning to India in 1894, she plunged into social service and legal advisory work, especially for “purda-nashin” women from wealthy or royal families, who had no means to defend their wealth and properties, but Sorabji secured special permission to file pleas on their behalf, yet could not represent them in the courts.
In 1897, she graduated in L.L.B. from University of Bombay and passed the government pleader’s exam from Allahabad High Court in 1899, but was finally recognised as a Barrister only after the laws barring women from the legal fraternity were finally changed in 1923.
Overcoming all biases and discrimination, she continued to work in different legal capacities in Maharashtra, Allahabad, Bihar, Bengal, Orissa and Assam for over two decades.
Between 1900-1930s, she wrote around a dozen books including two autobiographical works; travelled extensively in India and the US; helped her mother to found several girls’ schools in and around Poona and penned articles for various Indian and British periodicals.
After a trailblazing career, Sorabji finally retired as a High Court lawyer in 1929 and settled in London – visiting India only during winters – where she passed away on July 6, 1954.
Nearly 58 years after her death, a statue of her bust was unveiled at the historic Lincoln’s Inn in London.